Tuesday, November 01, 2005

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

I was studying for my CQE exam. (frankly I'm not doing well!) and reached Maslow's theory. This American psychologist believes that every person has a series of needs in his or her life which have an order of priority. They are:
  1. Basic physical needs. For example food, water, sleep and sex.
  2. Safety and security. Need to feel secured and free from threats. Economic or job security are examples.
  3. Belonging and love. need to be belong, accepted and give and receive love.
  4. Esteem. to be regarded with respect and be recognized.
  5. Self-actualization. need for personal fulfillment. To fulfill one's potential and the best one can be.
People are mostly deprived of the said vital needs in countries which don't matter here what they are! The important point is a lower-level must be relatively satisfied before a higher level need can emerge and the lower-level always have some influence.
Also when a level is reached sufficiently, it loses its motivating power and next higher-level need emerge while the highest level, self-actualization is considered insatiable. I, myself, still have big problems with level 1, 3, 4 and 5!!
(Photo: Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs)

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